Our Links to date
Click on a link for more information:
Facts You Should Know
Antibiotics are a very important part of modern medicine. These drugs are used to fight many infections caused by bacteria. The following facts about antibiotics will help you understand how these drugs work, possible side effects, and the importance of taking antibiotics as directed by your doctor.
Coping With the Coughing, Aching, Sniffling of a Cold
This site is by the American Medical Association and is very helpful in understanding this common disorder.
Understanding Erectile Dysfunction
This site by the American Medical Association provides information about the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of erectile dysfunction.
The authors of this site describe the site as: Excellent patient education material on fibromyalgia (FMS) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Fibromyalgia pain is real!
What is high blood pressure, and how is it treated?
High blood pressure, or hypertension, has been called "the silent killer" because it often causes no symptoms, but can lead to a heart attack, stroke, or kidney failure. In many cases, the cause of high blood pressure is unknown.
Take Control of High Cholesterol
Useful site by the drug company Parke-Davis that gives information on high cholesterol including healthy diet guidelines and a cholesterol worksheet.
This link provides the most comprehensive source of reliable data on kidney diseases available on the internet. Whatever kidney disease you may be interested in, you should be able to find a wealth of information here.
Common Laboratory Tests: What They Are and Why Your Doctor Ordered Them
Helpful information on headaches from the National Women's Health Information Center
This site by the AMA provides information on new migraine treatments as well as a variety of helpful migraine related links.
Useful source of prostate cancer information from "Cancerfacts.gov"
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins and minerals perform many vital functions in the body. These substances are essential to normal metabolism, growth and development, and regulation of the functioning of your body's cells.
Health Issues for Women:
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
Abnormal uterine bleeding is defined as any uterine bleeding that doesn't fit the definition of "normal" described above.
Know Your Options For Breast Cancer
Cervical dysplasia means that there is abnormal cell growth (dysplasia) in the cervix.
Fibroids, which are also known as uterine myomas, leiomyomas, or fibromas, are tumors of the female reproductive system.
Case History: Menstrual Irregularity
Real Patient Cases From JAMA "Clinical Crossroads"
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form on the ovaries. The ovaries are the 2 almond-shaped organs in the female reproductive system where ova (eggs) grow, mature, and are released in monthly cycles during the childbearing years.
What is a gastroenterologist?
Gastroenterologists, medical specialists with extensive training in diseases of the digestive tract, are equipped to answer your questions, to perform tests in making a diagnosis and to prescribe the best course of treatment to help you feel better. People with complicated conditions often benefit from being treated by a specialist who has handled a large number of similar cases.
Information for Patients about Digestive Diseases from the NIH
Digestive Health Resource Center
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Basics from EverydayHealth.com:
Fecal Occult blood testing
Good page to review importance and significance of fecal occult blood testing:
What is Upper Endoscopy?
Upper endoscopy (also known as an upper GI endoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy [EGD], or panendoscopy) is a procedure that enables your physician to examine the lining of the upper part of your gastrointestinal tract, i.e., the esophagus (swallowing tube), stomach, and duodenum (first portion of the small intestine) using a thin flexible tube with its own lens and light source.
What is Flexible Sigmoidoscopy?
Flexible sigmoidoscopy is a procedure that enables your physician to examine the lining of the rectum and a portion of the colon (large bowel) by inserting a flexible tube that is about the thickness of your finger into the anus and advancing it slowly into the rectum and lower part of the colon.
What is a Colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy is a procedure that enables your physician to examine the lining of the colon (large bowel) for abnormalities by inserting a flexible tube that is about the thickness of your finger into the anus and advancing it slowly into the rectum and colon.
What is ERCP?
ERCP is a specialized technique used to study the ducts (drainage routes) of the gallbladder, pancreas, and liver (the drainage channels from the liver are called bile ducts or biliary ducts). An endoscope (flexible thin tube that allows the physician to see inside the bowel) is passed through the mouth, esophagus, and stomach into the duodenum (first part of the small intestine). After the common opening to ducts from the liver and pancreas is visually identified, a catheter (narrow plastic tube) is passed through the endoscope into the ducts. Contrast material ("dye") is then injected gently into the ducts (pancreatic or biliary) and x-ray films are taken.
Gastroenterology Cancer Information:
Credible, Current and Comprehensive Information About Cancer
A service of the National Cancer Institute
It provides information on the symptoms, detection and diagnosis, and treatment, in addition to information on possible causes and prevention of cancers of the colon and rectum.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has prepared this booklet to help patients and their families and friends better understand this type of cancer. We also hope it will encourage others to learn more about this disease.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has written this booklet to help people with cancer of the pancreas and their families and friends. We hope others will read it as well to learn about this disease.
Gastroenterology Articles of General Interest:
Although having gas is common, it can be uncomfortable and embarrassing. Understanding causes, ways to reduce symptoms, and treatment will help most people find relief.
Common symptoms include nausea, cramps, bloating, gas, and diarrhea, which begin about 30 minutes to 2 hours after eating or drinking foods containing lactose.
Site from the National Institutes of Health describing what pancreatitis is, how it is treated, etc.
Inflammatory Bowel Disorders
Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the general name for diseases that cause inflammation in the intestines.
All medical information on this site has been reviewed by members of CCFA's National Scientific Advisory Committee. Medical Central is where you'll find comprehensive, up-to-the-minute information about Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Several new articles are added each month.
http://www.ccfa.org: This is the home page of the CCFA organization.
Medications: For Inflammatory Bowel Disease
This is a great site for information regarding the medications used to treat inflammatory bowel disease. Specific references to anti-inflammatory drugs, immunomodulators, anti-diarrheal agents, antibiotics and general medications.
Ulcerative colitis is a disease that causes inflammation and sores, called ulcers, in the top layers of the lining of the large intestine. The inflammation usually occurs in the rectum and lower part of the colon, but it may affect the entire colon.
Upper Gastrointestinal Disorders
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a digestive disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter (LES)--the muscle connecting the esophagus with the stomach. Gastroesophageal reflux is the return of the stomach's contents back up into the esophagus.
In Barrett's esophagus, the normal cells that line the esophagus, called squamous cells, turn into a type of cell not usually found in humans, called specialized columnar cells.
A peptic ulcer is a sore on the lining of the stomach or duodenum, which is the beginning of the small intestine.
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a type of bacteria. Researchers recently discovered that H. pylori causes almost all peptic ulcers, accounting for 80 percent of stomach ulcers and more than 90 percent of duodenal ulcers.
Your liver, a vital organ
Your liver, the largest organ in your body, plays a vital role in regulating life processes. This complex organ performs many functions essential to life. You simply cannot live without it.
Hepatitis B Information
A useful page of information on Hepatitis B from the American Liver Foundation.
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the most important causes of chronic liver disease in the United States. It accounts for about 20 percent of acute viral hepatitis, 60 to 70 percent of chronic hepatitis, and 30 percent of cirrhosis, end-stage liver disease, and liver cancer.
American College of Gastroenterology
This site includes a wide variety of reliable and useful information in regards to liver disease.
Pulmonary Medicine Links
Living well with COPD
This is an excellent site by the American College of Chest Physicians is a good informational guide on COPD, its management and how to live with it.
This is another excellent effort by the patient education committee of the American College of Chest Physicians.
Getting Your Asthma Under Control - A Self Evaluation
A patient guide to bronchoscopy
Mangaging cough as a Defense Mechanism and as a Symptom
A Patient Guide to Pulmonary Rehabilitiation - A Team Approach to Improving Your Quality of Life
Tobacco Use/Smoking Cessation
Care has been taken to ensure that the information in these links is generally reliable, however we cannot assume responsibility for verifying the absolute accuracy of the information on any of our links. The information in these links is intended for general guidance only. Grand Valley Medical Specialists disclaims for itself for all responsibility for any mis-statements or for consequences of actions taken by any person while acting on information contained herein.
Physicians and patients must make their own decisions about therapy according to the individual circumstances of each case.